Behind the Exhibition

Joan Miró before an early state of The Harbor/, 1944.
Photograph: Joaquim Gomis.
© Hereus de Joaquim Gomis. Successió Miró / Adagp, Paris

Joan Miró


Born in Barcelona, Miró initially studied commerce as per his family’s wishes, and later enrolled at Francisco Galí’s art school in his homeland in 1912. His introduction to the Dadaist artist Francis Picabia in 1917, as well as interest in the Dadaist and Surrealist movements became major turning points in his artistic career. Concurrently, Miró developed an interest in poetry and started reading Spanish mystics: he aimed to attain a poetic sense rather than representing reality in a photographic image in his art. The artist went to Paris in 1920 and became acquainted with the avant-garde clique of the period through the Surrealist André Masson. There, Miró started resigning from drawing objects in their natural context to assemble a new and mysterious language. He produced his first object-collages and spent time on other art forms such as bas-relief and sculpture. Having stayed in Paris throughout the Spanish Civil War, Miro went back to Spain when World War II broke and started painting the series Constellations. 1941 saw the opening of the artist’s first major retrospective exhibition at MoMA, New York. By the end of the war, he had become a worldly renowned artist. As an heir to the Mediterranean tradition, he settled in Mallorca in 1956. He died at the age of 90 in this Mediterranean island, where he had produced the works of his mature period.

Joan Miró’s Life and Works >>

Joan Miró. Women, Birds, Stars - Periods, Works

‘My work should be like a poem set to music by a painter.’
Joan Miró

Joan Miró. Women, Birds, Stars

Joan Miró. Women, Birds, Stars (23 September 2014 - 1 February 2015) constituted an epilogue to SSM’s exhibition trilogy focusing on the great masters of Spain, following Picasso in Istanbul as the first, and Salvador Dali: A Surrealist in Istanbul being the second. The exhibition was realized with the sponsorship of Sabancı Holding, in collaboration with the Fundació Joan Miró in Barcelona; the family collection Successió Miró in Mallorca; and Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró, again in Barcelona. A selection of 125 works by the Catalan artist were featured in the exhibition, including paintings, prints, and sculptures, as well as pieces produced in different techniques, such as carpets, tapestries, and ceramics, selected predominantly in accordance with the artist’s recurrent themes of women, birds, and stars. A group of works from this exhibition, focusing on Miró’s mature period, is now on display online through digitalSSM to demonstrate Miró’s artistic vocabulary including women, birds, stars, moon, eyes, and ladders.


Joan Miró: Women, Birds, Stars

The exhibition catalogue for Joan Miró. Women, Birds, Stars aimed to present a map to better grasp Miró’s artistic vocabulary of symbols. Articles in the catalog, which shed light on the artist’s inspirations as well as interactions with his contemporaries, are now digitally accessible as part of the online exhibition. The artist’s grandson Joan Punyet Miró delves into the development of Miró’s art through his relationship with the Mediterranean region in the article titled ‘Joan Miró and the Mediterranean Atmosphere.’ Jordi J. Clavero, who also produced the concept of the exhibition, explores how symbols function in Miró’s language. Ferit Edgü’s article on Miró’s connection to poetry serves as an introduction to texts on the artist written by figures such as Jacques Prévert, Paul Éluard, and André Breton.

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Other Online Exhibitions